Mention is often made
of a campaign of the rich and powerful who devote themselves to limiting the world
population of the poor in order to avoid the obligation of sharing their wealth. Isn't
that a rather gloomy outlook for society and the future of the world?
It is sufficient to read specialized publications,
accessible to the public at large, in order to realize the enormous means employed by rich
countries to "contain," that is to say curb, the poor population.1
Some of these same publications also expose, with a pitiless clarity, the scandalous
concentration of wealth. Yet, some insist that the South will pose a threat to the North.
Without denying the complexity of the problems, we can
say that aid to the South is often conditional on acceptance of culturally and morally
shocking birth control campaigns.2 Some even propose
that the Third World accept control of its population in exchange for a renegotiation of
its debt! The rich decidedly fight with greater ardor against the poor than against poverty!
- See for example Inventory of Population Projects in
Developing Countries Around the World, 1991-1992 (New York: United Nations Population
- See for example Population and the World Bank.
Implications from Eight Case Studies (Washington, D.C.: World
Bank, 1992). Regarding
Senegal, for example, we read on p. 58 of this publication : The "recommendation
[inviting the World Bank to concentrate its aid to supporting the (Senegalese) government
in developing a total demographic policy] was accepted and finally executed, making such a
policy statement a condition for the release of the second tranche of the third structural
adjustment loan." Another consequence of the acceptance of this policy and the role
of the World Bank has been "the development of a Human Resources Project for Senegal,
approved by the Administrative Council in April 1992. A condition of the negotiation was
the lifting of restrictions on the allocation of services for family planning
condition for approval was the official adoption of the National Program for Family
Planning." See also the study of the same World Bank, Sub-Saharan Africa: From
Crisis to Sustainable Growth (Washington, D.C.: The World Bank, 1989)p. 6.
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